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What is a regenerative braking system and how does it work?

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A regenerative braking system is a type of mechanism used in hybrid and electric vehicles to recover some of the energy lost during braking. When a driver applies the brakes, the kinetic energy of the vehicle is converted into thermal energy and dissipated into the environment as heat. In a regenerative braking system, this process is reversed, and the kinetic energy of the vehicle is converted into electrical energy and stored in the battery.

The way a regenerative braking system works is by utilizing an electric motor that can function as a generator as well. When the driver applies the brakes, the electric motor/generator is turned on, and the kinetic energy of the vehicle is converted into electrical energy, which is then stored in the battery. By using this mechanism, some of the energy lost during braking is recovered, which increases the overall efficiency of the vehicle. As a result, the vehicle has a longer driving range and better fuel economy.