What is a hybrid engine and how does it work?

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A hybrid engine is a type of propulsion system that combines the use of a conventional gasoline or diesel engine with an electric motor and battery pack. The aim of a hybrid engine is to provide improved fuel efficiency and lower emissions compared to conventional engines while still maintaining the power and performance of a traditional engine.

The system works by using the electric motor to assist the combustion engine during acceleration and to provide power during slow speeds where the gas engine is less efficient. During normal driving, the electric motor is mainly charged using kinetic energy from the braking system that is normally lost in a conventional car. This is known as regenerative braking, where the electric motor acts as a generator to recharge the battery pack. In some cases, the battery pack can also be charged by connecting the car to an external power source.

The operation of the engine is managed by an electronic system which continuously monitors the vehicle’s systems and adjusts power distribution between the combustion engine and the electric motor. In some models, the driver may also be able to select different driving modes, such as all-electric mode or hybrid mode, depending on the driving conditions.

Overall, a hybrid engine enables vehicles to be more efficient and environment-friendly, while still providing the necessary power and performance expected by the driver.