A car’s traction control system (TCS) operates by sensing the level of wheel slip and responding by adjusting the braking force applied to the wheel or wheels that are slipping. The objective of the system is to maintain traction and prevent the wheels from spinning when the car is accelerating or when driving on slippery surfaces such as ice, gravel, or sand.
The TCS uses data from a variety of sensors to monitor the speed of each wheel as well as other factors, such as steering angle and throttle position. If one or more wheels begin to spin faster than the others, the system will apply the brakes to that wheel specifically, reducing its speed and restoring traction.
In some cases, the TCS may also reduce engine power to help prevent further slippage. The system may also work in conjunction with the car’s stability control system, which helps to maintain control of the vehicle during sudden maneuvers or turns.
Overall, the TCS is designed to help ensure that the car maintains its grip on the road, improving safety and stability in a variety of driving conditions.